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Office Space Lease (Commercial Lease) Page of
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THIS LEASE (this "Lease") dated this ________ day of ________________, ________


______________________ of _________________________________
Telephone: ______________________  
(the "Landlord")


- AND -

______________________ of _________________________________
Telephone: ______________________
(the "Tenant")


IN CONSIDERATION OF the Landlord leasing certain premises to the Tenant, the Tenant leasing those premises from the Landlord and the mutual benefits and obligations set forth in this Lease, the receipt and sufficiency of which consideration is hereby acknowledged, the Parties to this Lease (the "Parties") agree as follows:

  1. Definitions
  2. When used in this Lease, the following expressions will have the meanings indicated:
    1. "Additional Rent" means all amounts payable by the Tenant under this Lease except Base Rent, whether or not specifically designated as Additional Rent elsewhere in this Lease;
    2. "Building" means all buildings, improvements, equipment, fixtures, property and facilities from time to time located at ______________________________, as from time to time altered, expanded or reduced by the Landlord in its sole discretion;
    3. "Insurance Charge" means the cost to the Landlord of effecting and maintaining the Insurance Policies from, and including, any premiums paid and, where relevant, the cost of assessing any insured amounts;
    4. "Insurance Policies" means the insurance policy or policies maintained by the Landlord in respect of the Premises covering damage by Insured Risks, loss of Rent, public liability and all other insurance relating to the Building as placed by the Landlord from time to time, acting prudently;
    5. "Insured Risks" means fire, lightning, earthquake, explosion, aircraft (other than hostile aircraft) and other aerial devices or articles dropped from such aerial devices, riot, civil commotion, malicious damage, storm or tempest, bursting or overflowing of water tanks apparatus or pipes, flood, impact by road vehicles, terrorism (to the extent that insurance against such risks may ordinarily be arranged with an insurer of good repute at reasonable commercial rates) and such other risks or insurance as may from time to time be reasonably required by the Landlord;
    6. "Common Areas and Facilities" mean:
      1. those portions of the Building areas, buildings, improvements, facilities, utilities, equipment and installations in or forming part of the Building which from time to time are not designated or intended by the Landlord to be let to tenants of the Building including, without limitation, exterior weather walls, roofs, entrances and exits, parking areas, driveways, loading docks and area, storage, mechanical and electrical rooms, areas above and below lettable premises and not included within lettable premises, security and alarm equipment, grassed and landscaped areas, retaining walls and maintenance, cleaning and operating equipment serving the Building; and
      2. those lands, areas, buildings, improvements, facilities, utilities, equipment and installations which serve or are for the useful benefit of the Building, the tenants of the Building or the Landlord and those having business with them, whether or not located within, adjacent to or near the Building and which are designated from time to time by the Landlord as part of the Common Areas and Facilities;
    7. "Lettable Area" means with respect to any rentable premises, the area expressed in square metres of all floor space including floor space of mezzanines, if any, determined, calculated and certified by the Landlord and measured from the exterior face of all exterior walls, doors and windows, including walls, doors and windows separating the rentable premises from enclosed Common Areas and Facilities, if any, and from the centre line of all interior walls separating the rentable premises from adjoining rentable premises. There will be no deduction or exclusion for any space occupied by or used for columns, ducts or other structural elements;
    8. "Open Market Rent" means the best rent which might reasonably be expected to be paid by a willing tenant to a willing landlord for a letting of the whole of the Premises in the open market with vacant possession and without a fine or premium for the residue of the Term remaining at the date of review;
    9. "Premises" means the office space at ______________________________.
    10. "Rent" means the total of Base Rent and Additional Rent.
  3. Intent of Lease
  4. It is the intent of this Lease and agreed to by the Parties to this Lease that rent for this Lease will be on a gross rent basis meaning the Tenant will pay the Base Rent and any Additional Rent and the Landlord will be responsible for all other service charges related to the Premises and the operation of the Building save as specifically provided in this Lease to the contrary.
  5. Let Premises
  6. The Landlord agrees to let to the Tenant the office space municipally described as ______________________________ (the "Premises").
  7. The Premises will be used for only the following permitted use: ______________________________________________________________________
                   ______________________________________________________________________ (the "Permitted Use").

  8. Term
  9. The term of the Lease commences at 12:00 noon on 24 April 2024 and ends at 12:00 noon on 24 April 2029 (the "Term").
  10. Upon 30 days notice, the Landlord may terminate the tenancy under this Lease if the Tenant has defaulted in the payment of any portion of the Rent when due.
  11. Upon 60 days notice, the Landlord may terminate the tenancy under this Lease if the Tenant fails to observe, perform and keep each and every of the covenants, agreements, stipulations, obligations, conditions and other provisions of this Lease to be observed, performed and kept by the Tenant and the Tenant persists in such default beyond the said 60 days notice.
  12. Security of Tenure
  13. The Landlord and the Tenant have agreed that sections 24 to 28 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 do apply to this Lease. The Tenant will be entitled to renew the Lease upon the expiry of the current Lease.
  14. Rent
  15. Subject to the provisions of this Lease, the Tenant will pay a base rent of £__________, payable per month, for the Premises (the "Base Rent"), without setoff, abatement or deduction. In addition to the Base Rent, the Tenant will pay for any fees or taxes arising from the Tenant's business.
  16. The Tenant will pay the Base Rent on or before the _________________________________________ of each and every month of the Term to the Landlord.
  17. The Tenant will indemnify the Landlord for all rates, taxes, assessments, duties, charges, impositions and outgoings imposed on the Premises, or any owner or occupier of it, during the Term, including all costs reasonably incurred by the Landlord in connection with appealing against the rating evaluation of the Premises.
  18. All amounts payable by the Tenant under this Lease are exclusive of any Value Added Tax that may be payable from time to time, and the Tenant will pay to the Landlord the amount of Value Added Tax charged to the Landlord for a Value Added Tax supply made in respect of the Premises that is not recoverable from HM Revenue and Customs.
  19. No acceptance by the Landlord of any amount less than the full amount owed will be taken to operate as a waiver by the Landlord for the full amount or in any way to defeat or affect the rights and remedies of the Landlord to pursue the full amount.
  20. Rent Review
  21. If the Term of this Lease is greater than five years, the Landlord and Tenant will review the Base Rent after each five-year period, which Base Rent will become effective at the commencement of the following five-year period.
  22. For any rent review, the Base Rent will be calculated as being the higher of the Base Rent payable immediately before the date of review and the Open Market Rent on the date of review.
  23. The rent review will assume that:
    1. the Premises are fit for occupation by a willing tenant;
    2. the Premises may be lawfully let for the Permitted Use;
    3. the Landlord and Tenant have complied with their respective obligations in this Lease;
    4. the Landlord and Tenant have complied with all statutory obligations, including planning permissions, building regulations, and environmental requirements;
    5. there has been no material change to the Premises, Building, or the surrounding area that would affect its rental value;
    6. if the Premises have been damaged or destroyed, they have been fully repaired; and
    7. normal economic conditions and market trends apply at the time of the review.
  24. The rent review will disregard:
    1. the fact that the Tenant, or any predecessor or subtenant, occupied the Premises;
    2. any goodwill attached to the Premises because of the Tenant's occupation;
    3. any work done to the Premises that was not done pursuant to an obligation in this Lease; and
    4. any activities on, or work done to, any adjoining premises.
  25. If the Landlord and Tenant cannot agree on the Base Rent on the date of review, either the Landlord or Tenant may request the President of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors to appoint an arbitrator to determine the Open Market Rent, in arbitration conducted in accordance with the Arbitration Act 1996, which determination will be binding on the Landlord and Tenant.
  26. If the arbitrator is incapable or unwilling to act, the Landlord or Tenant may request the President of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors to appoint a replacement.
  27. The results of the rent review will be recorded in a memorandum that will be signed by the Landlord and Tenant.
  28. Use and Occupation
  29. The Tenant will open the whole of the Premises for business to the public fully fixtured, stocked and staffed on the date of commencement of the Term and throughout the Term, and will continuously occupy and utilise the entire Premises in the active conduct of its business in a reputable manner on such days and during such hours of business as may be determined from time to time by the Landlord.
  30. The Tenant covenants that the Tenant will carry on and conduct its business from time to time carried on upon the Premises in such manner as to comply with any statute, including any subordinate legislation, which is in force now or in the future and taking into account any amendment or re-enactment, or any government department, local authority, other public or competent authority or court of competent jurisdiction and of the insurers in relation to the use, occupation and enjoyment of the Building (including in relation to health and safety compliance with the proper practice recommended by all appropriate authorities).
  31. Quiet Enjoyment
  32. The Landlord covenants that on paying the Rent and performing the covenants contained in this Lease, the Tenant will peacefully and quietly have, hold, and enjoy the Premises for the agreed term.
  33. Distress
  34. If and whenever the Tenant is in default in payment of the Rent owed under this Lease, interest on that Rent and any value added tax in respect to that Rent, the Landlord may use the commercial rent arrears recovery (the "CRAR") procedure set out in Schedule 12 (Taking control of goods) of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 to have an enforcement agent use its enforcement power to take control of the Tenant's goods and sell them to recover that outstanding amount.
  35. Holding Over
  36. If the Tenant continues to occupy the Premises without the written consent of the Landlord after the expiration or other termination of the Term, then, without any further written agreement, the Tenant will be a month-to-month tenant subject to all of the provisions of this Lease insofar as the same are applicable to a month-to-month tenancy and a tenancy from year to year will not be created by implication of law.
  37. Additional Rights on Reentry
  38. If the Landlord reenters the Premises or terminates this Lease, then:
    1. notwithstanding any such termination or the Term thereby becoming forfeited and void, the provisions of this Lease relating to the consequences of termination will survive;
    2. in the event that the Landlord has removed the property of the Tenant, the Landlord may store such property in a public warehouse or at a place selected by the Landlord, at the expense of the Tenant. If the Landlord feels that it is not worth storing such property given its value and the cost to store it, then the Landlord may dispose of such property in its sole discretion and use such funds, if any, towards any indebtedness of the Tenant to the Landlord. The Landlord will not be responsible to the Tenant for the disposal of such property other than to provide any balance of the proceeds to the Tenant after paying any storage costs and any amounts owed by the Tenant to the Landlord;
    3. the Landlord may relet the Premises or any part of the Premises for a term or terms which may be less or greater than the balance of the Term remaining and may grant reasonable concessions in connection with such reletting including any alterations and improvements to the Premises;
    4. the Tenant will pay to the Landlord on demand:
      1. all rent, Additional Rent and other amounts payable under this Lease up to the time of reentry or termination, whichever is later;
      2. reasonable expenses as the Landlord incurs or has incurred in connection with the reentering, terminating, reletting, collecting sums due or payable by the Tenant, realising upon assets seised; including without limitation, brokerage, fees and expenses and legal fees and disbursements and the expenses of keeping the Premises in good order, repairing the same and preparing them for reletting; and
      3. as liquidated damages for the loss of rent and other income of the Landlord expected to be derived from this Lease during the period which would have constituted the unexpired portion of the Term had it not been terminated, at the option of the Landlord, either:
        1. an amount determined by reducing to present worth at an assumed interest rate of 12% per annum all Base Rent and estimated Additional Rent to become payable during the period which would have constituted the unexpired portion of the Term, such determination to be made by the Landlord, who may make reasonable estimates of when any such other amounts would have become payable and may make such other assumptions of the facts as may be reasonable in the circumstances; or
        2. an amount equal to the Base Rent and estimated Additional Rent for a period of six months.
  39. Inspections and Landlord's Right to Enter
  40. During the Term and any renewal of this Lease, the Landlord and its agents may enter the Premises to make inspections or repairs. Except where the Landlord or its agents consider it an emergency, the Landlord will provide the Tenant with written notice 24 hours prior to entering.
  41. Utilities and Other Costs
  42. The Landlord is responsible for the payment of the following utilities and other charges in relation to the Premises: electricity, natural gas, water, sewer, telephone, internet and cable.
  43. Insurance
  44. The Tenant is hereby advised and understands that the personal property of the Tenant is not insured by the Landlord for either damage or loss, and the Landlord assumes no liability for any such loss. The Tenant is advised that, if insurance coverage is desired by the Tenant, the Tenant should inquire of Tenant's insurance agent regarding a Tenant's policy of insurance.
  45. Abandonment
  46. If at any time during the Term, the Tenant abandons the Premises or any part of the Premises, the Landlord may, at its option, enter the Premises by any means without being liable for any prosecution for such entering, and without becoming liable to the Tenant for damages or for any payment of any kind whatever, and may, at the Landlord's discretion, as agent for the Tenant, relet the Premises, or any part of the Premises, for the whole or any part of the then unexpired Term, and may receive and collect all rent payable by virtue of such reletting, and, at the Landlord's option, hold the Tenant liable for any difference between the Rent that would have been payable under this Lease during the balance of the unexpired Term, if this Lease had continued in force, and the net rent for such period realised by the Landlord by means of the reletting. If the Landlord's right of reentry is exercised following abandonment of the premises by the Tenant, then the Landlord may consider any personal property belonging to the Tenant and left on the Premises to also have been abandoned, in which case the Landlord may dispose of all such personal property in any manner the Landlord will deem proper in compliance with the Torts (Interference with Goods) Act 1977 and is relieved of all liability for doing so.
  47. Governing Law
  48. This Agreement will be construed in accordance with and governed by the laws of England and the Parties submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.
  49. Severability
  50. If there is a conflict between any provision of this Lease and the applicable legislation of England (the 'Act'), the Act will prevail and such provisions of the Lease will be amended or deleted as necessary in order to comply with the Act. Further, any provisions that are required by the Act are incorporated into this Lease.
  51. Alienation
  52. The Tenant will not assign this Lease in whole or in part, nor sublet all or any part of the Premises, nor grant any license or part with possession of the Premises or transfer to any other person in whole or in part or any other right or interest under this Lease (except to a parent, subsidiary or affiliate of the Tenant), without the prior written consent of the Landlord in each instance, which consent will not be unreasonably withheld so long as the proposed assignment or sublease complies with the provisions of this Lease.
  53. Notwithstanding any assignment or sublease, the Tenant will remain fully liable on this Lease and will not be released from performing any of the terms, covenants and conditions of this Lease.
  54. If the Lease is assigned or if the Premises or any part of the Premises are sublet or occupied by anyone other than the Tenant, the Landlord may collect rent directly from the assignee, subtenant or occupant, and apply the net amount collected, or the necessary portion of that amount, to the rent owing under this Lease.
  55. The prohibition against assigning or subletting without the consent required by this Lease will be constructed to include a prohibition against any assignment or sublease by operation of law.
  56. The consent by the Landlord to any assignment or sublease will not constitute a waiver of the necessity of such consent to any subsequent assignment or sublease.
  57. The Tenant will not allow another party to share the occupation of the Premises without the prior written consent of the Landlord, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed. Any consent granted by the Landlord will be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Landlord may specify.
  58. The Tenant will not create any mortgage, charge, or other security interest affecting the Lease or any part thereof without the prior written consent of the Landlord, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed. Any consent granted by the Landlord will be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Landlord may specify.
  59. Bulk Sale
  60. No bulk sale of goods and assets of the Tenant may take place without first obtaining the written consent of the Landlord, which consent will not be unreasonably withheld so long as the Tenant and the Purchaser are able to provide the Landlord with assurances, in a form satisfactory to the Landlord, that the Tenant’s obligations in this Lease will continue to be performed and respected, in the manner satisfactory to the Landlord, after completion of the said bulk sale.
  61. Care and Use of Premises
  62. The Tenant will promptly notify the Landlord of any damage, or of any situation that may significantly interfere with the normal use of the Premises.
  63. The Tenant will not make (or allow to be made) any noise or nuisance which, in the reasonable opinion of the Landlord, disturbs the comfort or convenience of other tenants.
  64. The Tenant will not engage in any illegal trade or activity on or about the Premises.
  65. The Landlord and Tenant will comply with standards of health, sanitation, fire, housing and safety as required by law.
  66. Surrender of Premises
  67. At the expiration of the lease term, the Tenant will quit and surrender the Premises in as good a state and condition as they were at the commencement of this Lease, reasonable use and wear and damages by the elements excepted.
  68. Hazardous Materials
  69. The Tenant will not keep or have on the Premises any article or thing of a dangerous, flammable, or explosive character that might unreasonably increase the danger of fire on the Premises or that might be considered hazardous by any responsible insurance company.
  70. Rules and Regulations
  71. The Tenant will obey all rules and regulations posted by the Landlord regarding the use and care of the Building, car park and other common facilities that are provided for the use of the Tenant in and around the Building on the Premises.
  72. General Provisions
  73. Any waiver by the Landlord of any failure by the Tenant to perform or observe the provisions of this Lease will not operate as a waiver of the Landlord's rights under this Lease in respect of any subsequent defaults, breaches or nonperformance and will not defeat or affect in any way the Landlord's rights in respect of any subsequent default or breach.
  74. This Lease will extend to and be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns, as the case may be, of each party to this Lease. All covenants are to be construed as conditions of this Lease.
  75. All sums payable by the Tenant to the Landlord pursuant to any provision of this Lease will be deemed to be Additional Rent and will be recoverable by the Landlord as rental arrears.
  76. Where there is more than one Tenant executing this Lease, all Tenants are jointly and severally liable for each other's acts, omissions and liabilities pursuant to this Lease.
  77. The provisions of Section 196 of the Law of Property Act 1925, as amended by the Recorded Delivery Services Act 1962, will apply to the giving and service of all notices and documents under or in connection with this Lease.
  78. Time is of the essence in this Lease.
  79. This Lease will constitute the entire agreement between the Landlord and the Tenant. Any prior understanding or representation of any kind preceding the date of this Lease will not be binding on either party to this Lease except to the extent incorporated in this Lease. In particular, no warranties of the Landlord not expressed in this Lease are to be implied.
  80. The Parties do not intend for any term of this Lease to be enforceable by a person that is not party to this Lease pursuant to the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999.
  81. The Tenant will pay the stamp duty land tax on this Lease and any amending document.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Parties to this Lease have duly affixed their signatures under hand and seal, or by a duly authorised officer under seal executed as a deed, on this ________ day of ________________, ________


Signed for and on behalf of
______________________ (Landlord) by



Signed for and on behalf of
______________________ (Tenant) by



Last Updated February 27, 2024

Commercial Tenancy Agreement Information

A Commercial Tenancy Agreement, also known as a Business Lease or a Commercial Lease, is used when the owner of a business property wishes to rent space to another business owner. Both parties may either be individuals or corporations.

This Commercial Tenancy Agreement encompasses properties such as office buildings, industrial space, restaurants, retail shops, and warehouses within England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.

What is the difference between a long and short Commercial Tenancy Agreement?

The short version of your Commercial Lease will include basic information and clauses to protect both the landlord and the tenant in the agreement. It does not include any information that is not necessary and only includes standard clauses.

The long version of your Commercial Lease will include a number of extra clauses and terms that will make your agreement much more detailed. The long version also allows you to revise clauses after completion.

If you are creating a simple lease and don't require many details, the short version may work best for you.

If your landlord/tenant agreement is complicated and requires a number of additional clauses, the long version of the Commercial Lease is recommended.

What is included in my Commercial Tenancy Agreement?

A Commercial Lease will include information such as:

  • Personal information about both the landlord and tenant, such as contact information
  • Whether a guarantor will be required
  • Property-specific details, such as the size of the space being rented
  • Letting information, such as the price of rent, length of the agreement, and how the premises may be used
  • Whether the tenant will receive exclusive use of the property
  • If renovations or improvements will be allowed, and if they need to be approved

What are a landlord's responsibilities in a Commercial Tenancy Agreement?

In a Commercial Lease Agreement, the owner of the property will generally be responsible for:

  • Upkeep of the commercial building or property
  • Seasonal maintenance tasks, such as snow removal or landscaping
  • Ensuring that the building or property meets safety and health requirements
  • Collecting rent payments, and if applicable, utility payments
  • How the tenant will be allowed to use the property

A landlord will also be responsible for ensuring that rent payments are allocated to the lender if the property is mortgaged, as well as for providing insurance for the property itself.

What are a tenant's responsibilities?

In a Commercial Lease, the tenant of the business property is usually responsible for:

  • A portion of the total utilities cost, unless they are required to pay the provider directly
  • The cost of minor improvements, such as paint, office supplies, etc.
  • Rent for the space provided
  • Sometimes, tenants are responsible for taxes associated with the property

What are the lease terms for Commercial Letting Agreements?

There are three different types of lease terms in a Commercial Lease in order to accommodate different landlord/tenant situations and preferences, including:

Fixed End Date: A lease term that ends on a set date. For example, if a letting term lasts for a year and it began on May 1st, it will end the following year on the same date.

Fixed end date agreements may be for any number of weeks, months, or years. At the end of the term, you may renew your agreement, terminate it, or continue to let the property on a month-to-month basis.

Fixed Number of Weeks/Months/Years: A fixed number of weeks/months/years means that the property is being let for a certain amount of time. This could be any number of weeks, months, or years.

In this type of agreement, neither party is required to give notice at the end of the term. The lease simply terminates on its own. Once the term has ended, the landlord and tenant can renew the terms, continue on a month-to-month term, or part ways.

Periodic: A periodic tenancy continues until either the landlord or tenant terminates the lease by providing notice to the other party. These types of Commercial Tenancy Agreements are ongoing and are beneficial for long-term tenancy relationships.

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Commercial Tenancy Agreement

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